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Eating Disorder and Sexual Assault Resources and Definitions

Sexual Assault Resources

Title IX Website https://titleix.uark.edu/resources.php

NWA Center for Sexual Assault provide a safe haven of healing and hope for adult survivors of sexual violence or harassment, and their loved ones, while tirelessly working toward a safer future for all through education and awareness. Need help? Call 24-hour toll-free hotline: 800-794-4175

Northwest Arkansas Rape Crisis Center answers questions and provides crisis intervention, referral information and emotional support to survivors on our 24-hour toll-free hotline. I did not utilize this resource but I’ve heard from others that they were great.
Help is just a phone call away: 800-794-4175 or visit the website: http://nwarapecrisis.org/ 

Sexual Assault Definitions

(Straight from Title IX Website)

Consent: Consent is a clear, knowing and voluntary decision to engage in sexual activity.

Because consent is voluntary, it is given without coercion, force, threats, or intimidation.  It is given with positive cooperation in the act or expression of intent to engage in the act pursuant to an exercise of free will.

Consent is active, not passive. Silence, in and of itself, cannot be interpreted as consent.  Consent can be given by words or actions, as long as those words or actions consist of an affirmative, unambiguous, conscious decision by each participant to engage in mutually agreed-upon sexual activity.

Consent is revocable, meaning consent can be withdrawn at any time.  Thus, consent must be ongoing throughout a sexual encounter.  Once consent has been revoked, sexual activity must stop immediately.

Consent can be limited, meaning consent to any one form of sexual activity cannot automatically imply consent to any other forms of sexual activity. Use of alcohol or other drugs will never function as a defense to a violation of this Policy.   Further, previous relationships or prior consent cannot imply consent to future sexual acts.

Consent cannot be given when a person is incapacitated, such as when a person is physically or mentally unable to make informed, rational judgments, or lacks the ability to understand the “who, what, when, where and how” related to the sexual activity.  States of incapacitation include, but are not limited to, unconsciousness and sleep.  Where alcohol or drugs are involved, incapacitation is determined by how the alcohol or other drugs have impacted a person’s decision-making capacity, awareness of consequences, and/or ability to make fully informed judgments.

In sum:

  1. Silence does not equal consent.
  2. Lack of verbal resistance does not constitute consent.
  3. Lack of physical resistance does not constitute consent.
  4. There is no consent when there is force, coercion, intimidation, threats or duress.
  5. Consent may be withdrawn at any time, and sexual activity must cease when consent is withdrawn unless or until additional consent is given.
  6. Consent to one form of sexual activity does not indicate consent to another form of sexual activity.
  7. A prior sexual relationship does not indicate current or future consent.
  8. Minors cannot give consent.
  9. Physically or mentally incapacitated persons cannot give consent.
  10. Consent may be determined by whether the accused knew, or a reasonable person should have known, that the alleged victim was incapacitated.

Sexual Harassment: As defined by the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature constitute sexual harassment when this conduct explicitly or implicitly affects an individual’s employment, unreasonably interferes with an individual’s work performance, or creates an intimidating, hostile, or offensive work environment. These actions include written communication of a sexual nature, offensive remarks about a person’s sex, regardless of where such conduct might occur. Harassment also occurs when there is conduct that, because of its severity and/or persistence, interferes significantly with an individual’s work or education, or adversely affects an individual’s living conditions.

Sexual assault: An actual or attempted sexual contact with another person without that person’s consent.  Sexual assault includes, but is not limited to involvement in any sexual contact when the victim is unable to consent; intentional and unwelcome touching of, or coercing, forcing, or attempting to coerce or force another to touch a person’s intimate parts (defined as genital area, groin, inner thigh, buttocks, or breast); and sexual intercourse without consent.  Acts defined as sexual assault include rape, date rape, acquaintance rape, and gang rape, but may also include sexual touching of another person against his or her will, and forcing an unwilling person to touch another person sexually.  Sexual assault occurs when such acts are committed either by force, threat, or intimidation, or through the use of the victim’s mental or physical helplessness, of which the assailant was aware or should have been aware.

Eating Disorder Resources

nationaleatingdisorderns.org

renfrewcenter.com

 

Eating Disorder Definitions

Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by weight loss (or lack of appropriate weight gain in growing children); difficulties maintaining an appropriate body weight for height, age, and stature; and, in many individuals, distorted body image. People with anorexia generally restrict the number of calories and the types of food they eat. Some people with the disorder also exercise compulsively, purge via vomiting and laxatives, and/or binge eat. (For more info and diagnostic criteria – https://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/learn/by-eating-disorder/anorexia)

Bulimia nervosa is a serious, potentially life-threatening eating disorder characterized by a cycle of bingeing and compensatory behaviors such as self-induced vomiting designed to undo or compensate for the effects of binge eating. (For more info and diagnostic criteria – https://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/learn/by-eating-disorder/bulimia)

Binge eating disorder (BED) is a severe, life-threatening, and treatable eating disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of eating large quantities of food (often very quickly and to the point of discomfort); a feeling of a loss of control during the binge; experiencing shame, distress or guilt afterwards; and not regularly using unhealthy compensatory measures (e.g., purging) to counter the binge eating. It is the most common eating disorder in the United States. (For more info and diagnostic criteria – https://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/learn/by-eating-disorder/bed)